Route 2: XYZ Line in Viver

Remarks:

Small tour route that runs closest to the town of Viver hills.
Access to places is not difficult but can be difficult for people with disabilities. Wear comfortable shoes and in summer, remember to bring water and sun protection.
Contact with the inhabitants greatly enrich the visit: if you have questions on how to get to pretty sure they will help
. Respect the environment and heritage: it is a common ours and future generations well.

The XYZ abbreviations were used in the mapping of the 20s and 30s of last century, referring to the UTM coordinates. But here in Viver have a very different meaning.

Under these acronyms, one of the strongest Republican defensive lines created during the Civil War is hidden.

This "iron belt", also called "Matallana line," as this is the name of Colonel who is credited with its design, construction began in April 1938, in anticipation of the attack of National troops in Valencia.

It consisted of 14 Centers of Resistance, and the center we can visit here, in Viver, was number 7, which ran through the municipalities of Jérica and Viver, with defensive positions beating the old General Road Sagunto-Burgos, and the plains between Viver and Torás.

Mapa Ruta 2
Mapa Ruta 2

Air Raid Shelter in La Floresta park


Mapa Ruta 2

Republican troops position

In Viver, are preserved in extraordinary ways, two of those defensive positions belonging to that line: San Roque and Santa Cruz, whose importance was extreme in the defense of Valencia, it was just between the two, where the Republican troops managed to stop the advance of National troops.

The basic typology used in the works of these positions is that of a strong defensive trench with slip road towards rear positions, and numerous underground shelters whose mission was to give shelter to the defenders of numerous artillery bombardments and aviation.


Interesting fact:

plano-viverThis defensive line ran between Almenara in Castellon and Santa Cruz de Moya, in Cuenca, and more than 10,000 construction workers were employed, mostly volunteers from nearby towns. It was used for its construction, numerous mines material such as jackhammers and dynamite.

Landmarks of the Civil War located in the town.

 

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